|
 微信
微信
订阅号
zgkaoyan365
服务号
服务号
zgky365
|  400-6300-966
备考
政治英语数学联考指南经验大纲政策
指南
复试调剂分数线
招简书目报录比
资源
历年真题精选习题院校关系就业解析
服务
魔鬼集训营考研网课直播课堂院校专业库中公名师中公图书

首页研招网心理学教育学经济学管理学中西医计算机会计硕士金融硕士翻译硕士法律硕士艺术考研
 
全国
分站
 
北京上海山东江苏浙江湖南辽宁吉林黑龙江四川广东天津云南湖北河南福建
安徽河北重庆江西陕西贵州青海内蒙古宁夏新疆广西甘肃山西海南西藏全部

中公考研 > 考研英语 > 模拟试题 >

2018考研英语阅读模拟题(1)

辅导课程:考研集训营   来源:中公考研  发布时间:2017-08-26 18:25:04
[摘要]本文中公考研小编为大家分享2018考研英语阅读模拟题(1),大家快来练习一下,希望对大家有帮助。

  2018考研交流群 5862545852018考研交流群

  以下是小编为大家整理的2018考研英语阅读模拟题(1),以供考生参考。

  At 18, Ashanthi DeSilva of suburban Cleveland is a living symbol of one of the great intellectual achievements of the 20th century. Born with an extremely rare and usually fatal disorder that left her without a functioning immune system (the “bubble-boy disease,” named after an earlier victim who was kept alive for years in a sterile plastic tent), she was treated beginning in 1990 with a revolutionary new therapy that sought to correct the defect at its very source, in the genes of her white blood cells. It worked. Although her last gene-therapy treatment was in 1992, she is completely healthy with normal immune function, according to one of the doctors who treated her, W. French Anderson of the University of Southern California. Researchers have long dreamed of treating diseases from hemophilia to cancer by replacing mutant genes with normal ones. And the dreaming may continue for decades more. “There will be a gene-based treatment for essentially every disease,” Anderson says, “within 50 years.”

  It's not entirely clear why medicine has been so slow to build on Anderson's early success. The National Institutes of Health budget office estimates it will spend $432 million on gene-therapy research in 2005, and there is no shortage of promising leads. The therapeutic genes are usually delivered through viruses that don't cause human disease. “The virus is sort of like a Trojan horse,” says Ronald Crystal of New York Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical College. “The cargo is the gene.”

  At the University of Pennsylvania's Abramson Cancer Center, immunologist Carl June recently treated HIV patients with a gene intended to help their cells resist the infection. At Cornell University, researchers are pursuing gene-based therapies for Parkinson's disease and a rare hereditary disorder that destroys children's brain cells. At Stanford University and the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, researchers are trying to figure out how to help patients with hemophilia who today must inject themselves with expensive clotting drugs for life. Animal experiments have shown great promise.

  But somehow, things get lost in the translation from laboratory to patient. In human trials of the hemophilia treatment, patients show a response at first, but it fades over time. And the field has still not recovered from the setback it suffered in 1999, when Jesse Gelsinger, an 18-year-old with a rare metabolic disorder, died after receiving an experimental gene therapy at the University of Pennsylvania. Some experts worry that the field will be tarnished further if the next people to benefit are not patients but athletes seeking an edge. This summer, researchers at the Salk Institute in San Diego said they had created a “marathon mouse” by implanting a gene that enhances running ability; already, officials at the World Anti-Doping Agency are preparing to test athletes for signs of “gene doping.” But the principle is the same, whether you're trying to help a healthy runner run faster or allow a muscular-dystrophy patient to walk. “Everybody recognizes that gene therapy is a very good idea,” says Crystal. “And eventually it's going to work.”

  1. The case of Ashanthi Desilva is mentioned in the text to ____________.

  [A] show the promise of gene-therapy

  [B] give an example of modern treatment for fatal diseases

  [C] introduce the achievement of Anderson and his team

  [D] explain how gene-based treatment works

  2. Anderson‘s early success has ________________.

  [A] greatly speeded the development of medicine

  [B] brought no immediate progress in the research of gene-therapy

  [C] promised a cure to every disease

  [D] made him a national hero

  3. Which of the following is true according to the text?

  [A] Ashanthi needs to receive gene-therapy treatment constantly.

  [B] Despite the huge funding, gene researches have shown few promises.

  [C] Therapeutic genes are carried by harmless viruses.

  [D] Gene-doping is encouraged by world agencies to help athletes get better scores.

  4. The word “tarnish” (line 5, paragraph 4) most probably means ____________.

  [A] affect

  [B] warn

  [C] trouble

  [D] stain

  5. From the text we can see that the author seems ___________.

  [A] optimistic

  [B] pessimistic

  [C] troubled

  [D] uncertain

  答案:A B C D A

  以上是中公考研为大家准备整理的“2018考研英语阅读模拟题(1)”的相关内容。另中公考研提醒大家2018考研招生简章2018考研招生目录2018考研大纲已陆续公布,中公考研将为大家及时提供相关资讯。另外,为了帮助考生更好地复习,中公考研为广大学子推出2018考研暑期集训营半年集训营保研课程系列备考专题,针对每一个科目要点进行深入的指导分析,还会根据每年的考研大纲进行针对性的分析哦~欢迎各位考生了 解咨询。同时,中公考研一直为大家推出考研直播课堂,足不出户就可以边听课边学习,为大家的考研梦想助力!

  相关推荐:

  2018考研英语词汇复习攻略

  2018考研英语各题型答题禁忌及解答技巧

  从2017考研国家线变化看2018考研英语复习重点

  考生应当注意的2018考研英语几大备考误区

  经验教你如何三个月记忆四千考研英语单词

  精华推荐:

考研暑期复习备考手册

考研暑期集训营

考研常见问题

各大院校历年报录比

择校择专业指南

各大院校招简|目录|书目

考研历年复试分数线

奖助学金政策解读

考研历年真题库

专科生考研备考指南

跨专业考研热门专业详解

保研攻略|保研课程

   

秋季集训营 VIP1对1 2018考研招生简章|招生目录|参考书目 大纲

[择校择专业]名校招不满的专业|专业硕士考研全解析|各高校优势专业汇总

[考试指南]如何读懂招生简章|如何正确使用考研大纲|2018考研时间流程

[考研常识]2018考研时间|2018考研报名费|2018考研大纲|2018考研报名流程

活动专题