咨询电话:400-6300-966

招考
资讯

考试动态 考研大纲 招生简章 考研常识 考研指南 择校择专业 报录比 >>

备考
资料

政治 英语 数学 联考 专业课 专硕 历年试题 考研资料 >>

精品
课程

魔鬼集训营 秋季集训营 OL乐学 在职考研 保研 >>

考研
学科

经济 会计 法学 医学 金融 心理 管理 艺术 教育 翻译 计算机

招生资讯

考试动态 考研大纲 招生简章 报录比 择校择专业 招生目录 考研常识 考研报考 考研指南 院校排名 经验分享 考试书目 成绩查询 考研复试 调剂信息 推免生 考研分数线 录取通知 就业信息 导师介绍 考研调剂 特殊考生院校联系方式

备考资料

考研英语: 英语词汇 阅理解读 新题型    完型填空 大作文 语法 翻译 考研数学: 高等数学 线性代数 概率统计 模拟试题 考研政治:时政热点 马哲原理 近代史 思修法基 毛中特 真题 试题 考研联考:初等数学 逻辑推理 中文写作 经济类数学

精品课程

魔鬼集训营 周末面授班 2019 OL乐学 经济类联考 经济学考研 在职考研 心理学考研 医学考研 应用心理硕士 翻译硕士考研 秋季集训营 保研去名校 1V1考研定制 管理类联考 会计学考研 艺术考研 教育学考研 法硕考研 金融硕士考研 管理学考研

您所在的位置: 中公考研 > 考研英语 > 阅读 > 正文

2019考研英语阅读模拟题及答案详解(6)

来源:中公考研 | 更新时间:2018-11-06 15:43:07

  考研英语阅读能力提升是在不断的做题中提升的,多做题,找语感,掌握不同类型的做题技巧。中公考研小编下面分享几套阅读模拟题及答案详解,我们来看看:

  2019考研英语阅读模拟题及答案详解(6)

  The Norwegian Government is doing its best to keep the oil industry under control. A new law limits exploration to an area south of the southern end of the long coastline; production limits have been laid down (though these have already been raised); and oil companies have not been allowed to employ more than a limited number of foreign workers. But the oil industry has a way of getting over such problems, and few people believe that the Government will be able to hold things back for long. As on Norwegian politician said last week: “We will soon be changed beyond all recognition.”

  Ever since the war, the Government has been carrying out a programme of development in the area north of the Arctic Circle. During the past few years this programme has had a great deal of success: Tromso has been built up into a local capital with a university, a large hospital and a healthy industry. But the oil industry has already started to draw people south, and within a few years the whole northern policy could be in ruins.

  The effects of the oil industry would not be limited to the north, however. With nearly 100 percent employment, everyone can see a situation developing in which the service industries and the tourist industry will lose more of their workers to the oil industry. Some smaller industries might even disappear altogether when it becomes cheaper to buy goods from abroad.

  The real argument over oil is its threat to the Norwegian way of life. Farmers and fishermen do not make up most of the population, but they are an important part of it, because Norwegians see in them many of the qualities that they regard with pride as essentially Norwegian. And it is the farmers and the fishermen who are most critical of the oil industry because of the damage that it might cause to the countryside and to the sea.

  1.The Norwegian Government would prefer the oil industry to

  [A] provide more jobs for foreign workers.

  [B] slow down the rate of its development.

  [C] sell the oil it is producing abroad.

  [D] develop more quickly than at present.

  2.The Norwegian Government has tried to

  [A] encourage the oil companies to discover new oil sources.

  [B] prevent oil companies employing people from northern Norway.

  [C] help the oil companies solve many of their problems.

  [D] keep the oil industry to something near its present size.

  3.According to the passage, the oil industry might lead northern Norway to

  [A] the development of industry.

  [B] a growth in population.

  [C] the failure of the development programme.

  [D] the development of new towns.

  4.In the south, one effect to the development of the oil industry might be

  [A] a large reduction on unemployment.

  [B] a growth in the tourist industry.

  [C] a reduction in the number of existing industries.

  [D] the development of a number of service industries.

  5.Norwegian farmers and fishermen have an important influence because

  [A] they form such a large part of Norwegian ideal.

  [B] their lives and values represent the Norwegian ideal.

  [C] their work is so useful to the rest of Norwegian society.

  [D] they regard oil as a threat to the Norwegian way of life.

  Vocabulary

  1.Norwegian 挪威的;挪威人

  2.coastline 海岸线

  3.recognition 承认;认识;赞赏

  4.countryside 乡下;乡民

  难句译注

  1.A new law limits exploration to an area south of the southern end of the long coastline; production limits have been laid down (though these have already been raised); and oil companies have not been allowed to employ more than a limited number of foreign workers.

  【结构简析】用两个分号连接三句句子。

  【参考译文】一条新的法律限制人们仅在长长的海岸线南端以南地区进行勘探考察;规定了石油生产限量(虽然已提高);石油公司雇佣外国工人不许超出限定额。

  2.With nearly 100 percent employment, everyone can see a situation developing in which the service industries and the tourist industry will lose more of their workers to the oil industry.

  【参考译文】由于将近百分之一百就业率,每个人都能看出形式发展中服务行业和旅游行业的大部分工人会跑到石油工业方面去。

  3.Farmers and fishermen do not make up most of the population, but they are an important part of it, because Norwegians see in them many of the qualities that they regard with pride as essentially Norwegian.

  【结构简析】复合句。在because状语从句中that是定语从句修饰qualities.

  【参考译文】虽然农民和渔民并不占人口的绝大多数,可是他们都是人口的重要组成不分,因为挪威人在他们身上看到许多他们自豪地认为是挪威人的基本品质。

  写作方法与文章大意

  文章论述“挪威政府意欲控制石油工业”。采用对比写法。先提出政府新政策的种种限制。但石油工业有办法对付。人们都认为限制难以长久。其次讲述,从战时起,挪威政府一直执行开发北极圈北部地区的发展规划,也取得成功。但石油工业已经开始向南方进军,北方政策可能会失败。石油工业之影响超出北方,有些企业缩小,减少。最后一段是讲争论的焦点:石油对挪威生活方式构成了威胁,具体表现在对挪威理想的代表――渔民和农民的威胁。

  答案详解

  1.B 减慢发展速率。文章开始就阐明挪威政府正竭尽全力把石油工业控制起来,制定新法律来限制勘探开采,限制产量,限制雇佣外国工人人数。

  A. 为外国工人提供更多的工作。C.卖掉正在国外生产的石油。D.比现在发展更快。

  2.D 使石油工业保持在接近现在的规模。

  A. 鼓励石油公司去发现新石油资源。B.制止石油公司雇佣来自挪威北方的人。C.帮助石油公司解决许多问题。

  3.C 发展规划的失败。这在第二段最后一句:“可是石油工业已经开始把人们吸引到南方去,所以不出几年,整个北方政策可能成泡影。”

  A.工业发展。B.人口增长。D.新城市的发展。文内没有涉及。

  4.C 现存工业数的减少。第三段开始“可是石油工业的影响并不仅仅限于北方。近百分之一百的就业率,使每个人都见到发展的势头,服务业和旅游业的好多工人转向石油工业。某些较小的工业,在从国外购进货物更便宜的情况下,很可能会全部消失。”这说明工业数减少。

  A.大大减少失业。B.旅游行业增长。D.许多服务公司发展。文内没有提。

  5.B 他们的生活和价值代表了挪威人的理想。

  A.他们组成了那么大一部分挪威理想。C.他们的工作对挪威社会的其他方面非常有用。D.他们认为石油是对挪威生活方式的威胁。最后一段第一句话:“对石油真正的争论点是它对挪威生活方式的一种威胁。”并不是他们认为威胁。

  以上是中公考研为考生整理的“2019考研英语阅读模拟题及答案详解(6)”相关内容,希望对大家有帮助,中公考研小编预祝大家都能取得好成绩!更多英语阅读相关信息尽在中公英语阅读频道

  相关推荐:

  2019考研英语备考:20种常见英文修辞手法

  2019考研英语备考:五轮复习法

  2019考研英语备考:四六级和考研英语有什么区别?

免责声明:本站所提供的内容均来源于网友提供或网络搜集,由本站编辑整理,仅供个人研究、交流学习使用,不涉及商业盈利目的。如涉及版权问题,请联系本站管理员予以更改或删除。

【责任编辑:陈佳元】

中公考研课堂

  • 公共课
  • 专业课
课程系列 班次名称 价格 免费试听
考研政治网络课堂 2019考研政治核心考点提升 ¥449.00 免费试听
2019考研政治近代史精讲班 ¥149.00 免费试听
考研英语网络课堂 2019考研英语一高分提升班 ¥399.00 免费试听
2019考研英语二高分提升班 ¥399.00 免费试听
考研数学网络课堂 2019考研数学一高分提升班 ¥449.00 免费试听
2019考研数学二高分提升班 ¥399.00 免费试听
2019考研数学三高分提升班 ¥449.00 免费试听
全程联报课程 2019考研政治+英二+数一全程联报协议 ¥1299.00 免费试听
2019考研英语二+经综全程联报协议班 ¥1099.00 免费试听
2019考研政治+英二+经综全程联报协议班 ¥1299.00 免费试听
  2019考研冲刺集训营

考前50天特训,高效提升50分,结合学员备考情况精讲核心考点精练答题技巧,实战模考演练临考重要预测,帮助学员准确定位提高成功率 GO>

  2020乐学周末面试班

中公考研研究院潜心研发攻克名校六大锦囊。锦囊一:M & UP专业院校定位体系;锦囊二:TOP教学体系;锦囊三:专业教研团队;锦囊 GO>

面授课程

|

网校课程

考研题库

  • 英语题库
  • 政治题库
  • 数学题库
  • 专业课题库

英语一 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013

英语二: 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013

政 治: 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013

单选题: 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013

多选题: 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013

分析题: 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013

数学一: 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013

数学二: 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013

数学三: 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013

心理学: 2018 2017 2016 2014 2013 2012

教育学: 2018 2017 2016 2014 2013 2012

管理类: 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013

经济类: 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013

西 医: 2016 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009

报考信息

备考指导

 

 

中公考研名师指导: 择校择专业 跨专业报考 1V1专业解答